Jewish Museum

Four former synagogues house the Jewish Historical Museum. The oldest of these four synagogues was constructed in 1670. As the Jewish community continued to grow, a new synagogue was built next to the first one. Not much later the third synagogue was built, followed by the fourth one in 1752. During the Second World War the synagogues were partly destroyed by the Nazis.
The majority of the Jewish people of Amsterdam did not return from the concentration camps. As a result the synagogues were closed in 1987 and the complex was rebuilt into the museum it is now. Glass roofs link the four synagogues. Various exhibitions highlight the history and culture of the Jews in the Netherlands. The newest synagogue portrays the Jewish identity and the war years while religious aspects of Judaism are the subject of the displays in the oldest synagogue.